Donald Krapohl

krapohl's picture

Member Since

06/18/1997

PCSOT Certification

Not Certified

The American Polygraph Association does not prescreen the biographies of its members.

Biography and Additional Professional Information

Last updated January 2010

Current Position: Special Assistant to the Chief, National Center for Credibility Assessment

Duty Location: 7540 Pickens St.,Ft. Jackson, SC 29207

E-mail: APAkrapohl@gmail.com

Telephone: (803) 463-1096

EDUCATION

M.A., Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., May 1994

B.A., Psychology, Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, MI, May 1979

SELECTED SPECIALIZED TRAINING

Munford Institute of Polygraphy. Atlanta, GA, 1979.

FBI’s Advanced Polygraphy Course. University of Virginia, 1986.

University of Utah Advanced Polygraph Workshop, 1987.

Post-Conviction Sex Offender Testing, 2000

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS

American Association of Police Polygraphists
2007 - Present

American Polygraph Association
Editor-in-Chief, 1997 – 2001, 2008 - present
President, 2006-2007

American Society for Tests and Materials
Research Subcommittee Chair on Forensic Psychophysiology, 1997-Present

SELECTED PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS

Research

Ansley, N. & Krapohl, D.J. (2000). The frequency of appearance of evaluative criteria in field polygraph charts. Polygraph 29(2), 169-176.

Buschman, J., Bogaerts, S., Krapohl, D., Hacket, S., & Spreen, M. (in review). Sexual History Disclosure Polygraph Examinations: Behind the validity of self-report. An explorative study. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment.

Buschman, J., & Krapohl, D. (2009). Onderzoek naar additioneel seksueel gedrag met kinderen in een groep van 38 kinderporno downloaders met behulp van gecombineerde zelfrapportage en polygrafie (Sexual History Disclosure Polygraph Examinations). Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, 3. (In Dutch).

Buschman, J., Wilcox, D., Krapohl, D., Oelrich, M., & Hackett, S. (In review). Cybersex offender risk assessment: An explorative study. Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.

Dollins, A.B., Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W. (2000). Computer algorithm comparison. Polygraph, 29(3), 237-247.

Krapohl, D.J. (1994). The detection of information with items of high or low personal significance using a polygraph: The effects of motivation. Polygraph, 23(3), 242-251.

Krapohl, D.J. (1998). A comparison of 3- and 7-position scoring scales with laboratory data. Polygraph 27(3). 210-218.

Krapohl, D.J. (1999). Short Report: Proposed method for scoring electrodermal responses. Polygraph, 28(1), 82-84.

Krapohl, D.J. (2000, Oct). An assessment of the Total Chart Minutes Concept with field data. Journal of the American Association of Police Polygraphists.

Krapohl, D.J. (2002). Short Report: Update for the Objective Scoring System. Polygraph, 31(3), 298-302.

Krapohl, D.J. (2005). Polygraph decision rules for evidentiary and paired-testing (Marin Protocol) applications. Polygraph, 34(3) 184-192.

Krapohl, D.J. (2007). Some reflections on the polygraph in the PCSOT setting. Polygraph, 36(4), 199-209.

Krapohl, D.J. (2008). Why the polygraph remains the gold standard. Online newsletter of the Canadian Private Investigators’ Resource Centre. Available at: http://www.cpirc.com/news.html.

Krapohl, D.J., & Cushman, B. (2006). Comparison of evidentiary and investigative decision rules: A replication. Polygraph, 35(1), 55-63.

Krapohl, D.J., & Dollins, A.B. (2003). Relative efficacy of the Utah, Backster, and Federal scoring rules: A preliminary investigation. Polygraph, 32(3), 150-164.

Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W. (2000). Short report: Normative respiration data for criminal cases. Polygraph, 29(4).

Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W. (2005). Differences in response profiles for the Zone Comparison Technique and the Army Modified General Question Technique. Polygraph, 34(1), 1-9.

Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W., & Ryan, A.H. (2001). The Rank Order Scoring System: Replication and extension with field data. Polygraph, 30(3), 172-181.

Krapohl, D.J., & Gary, W.B. Jr. (2004). Exploration into the effect of race on polygraph scores and decisions. Polygraph, 33(4), 234-239.

Krapohl, D.J., & Handler, M. (2006). New ratios for scoring electrodermal responses. Polygraph, 35(2), 65-70.

Krapohl, D.J. & Heckman, R. (1984) Preemployment polygraph practices in the private sector - A survey. Polygraph, 13(3), 251-262.

Krapohl, D.J. & McManus, B. (1999). An objective method for manually scoring polygraph data. Polygraph, 28(3), 209-222.

Krapohl, D.J. & Norris, W.F. (2000). An exploratory study of traditional and objective scoring systems with MGQT field cases. Polygraph 29(2), 185-194.

Krapohl, D.J. & Ryan, A.H. (2001). A belated look at symptomatic questions. Polygraph 30(3), 206-212.
Krapohl, D.J., Senter, S.M., & Stern, B.A. (2005). An exploration of methods for the analysis of multiple-issue relevant/irrelevant screening data. Polygraph, 34(1), 47-61.

Krapohl, D.J., Shull, K.W., and Ryan, A.H. (2002). Does the confession criterion in case selection inflate polygraph accuracy estimates? Forensic Science Communications 4(3). Available: http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/july2002/ index.htm

Meiron, E., Krapohl, D.J., and Ashkenazi, Tzachi. (2008). An assessment of the Backster “Either-Or” Rule in polygraph scoring. Polygraph, 37(4), 240-249.

Nelson, R., Krapohl, D.J., and Handler, M. (2008). Brute force comparison: A Monte Carlo study of the Objective Scoring System version 3 (OSS-3) and human polygraph scorers. Polygraph, 37(3), 185-215.

Pollina, D., Dollins, A., Senter, S., Krapohl, D., & Ryan, A. (2001). A comparison of polygraph data obtained from individuals involved in mock crimes and actual criminal investigations. Project No. DoDPI02-R-0008. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, Ft. Jackson, SC 29201.

Pollina, D., Dollins, A., Senter, S., Krapohl, D., & Ryan, A. (2004). A comparison of polygraph data obtained from individuals involved in mock crimes and actual criminal investigations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 1099–1105.

Senter, S.M, Dollins, A.B., & Krapohl, D.J. (2000). Comparison of Utah and DoDPI scoring accuracy: Equating veracity decision rule, chart rule, and number of data channels. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, Ft. Jackson, SC. DoDPI00-R-0001.

Senter, S.M., Dollins, A.B., & Krapohl, D.J. (2004). A comparison of polygraph data evaluation conventions used at the University of Utah and the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. Polygraph, 33(4), 214-222.

Senter, S.M., Waller, J., and Krapohl, D.J. (2008). Air Force Modified General Question Test validity study. Polygraph, 37(3), 174-184.,

Literature Reviews

Handler, M., Honts, C.R., Krapohl, D.J., Nelson, R., and Griffin, S. (2009). Integration of pre-employment polygraph screening into the police selection process. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 24, 69–86.

Krapohl, D.J. (1996). A taxonomy of polygraph countermeasures. Polygraph, 25(1), 35-56.

Krapohl, D.J., Stern, B.A., & Ryan, A.H. (2003). Exclusionary or nonexclusionary: A review of the evidence. Polygraph, 32(4), 245-250.

Krapohl, D.J. (2006). Validated polygraph techniques. Polygraph, 35(3), 149-155.

Krapohl, D.J. (in press). Tech Talk: Symptomatic question redux.

Instructional Articles

Handler, M., & Krapohl, D.J. (2007). The use and benefits of the photoelectric plethysmograph in polygraph testing. Polygraph, 36(1), 18-25.

Krapohl, D.J. (1981). Psychology review. Polygraph Review, 2(1), 1-7.

Krapohl, D.J. (1983). Standards and principles of practice. Polygraph Review, 4(1), 1-4

Krapohl, D.J. (1996). Coming to terms with terms: Control questions. Polygraph, 25(3), 243-245.

Krapohl, D.J. (2001). A brief rejoinder to Matte & Grove regarding “psychological set.” Polygraph, 30(3), 203-205.

Krapohl, D.J. (2001). Tech Talk: Voice stress analysis research. APA Newsletter, 34(1), 42-44.

Krapohl, D.J. (2003). Countermeasures on the Web. APA Newsletter, 36(2), 24-25.

Krapohl, D.J. (2004). Tech Talk: Adding automation to polygraph testing. APA Newsletter, 37(1), 20-21.

Krapohl, D.J. (2004). Tech Talk: Electrodermal recording. APA Newsletter, 37(1), 21-22.
Krapohl, D.J. (2007). Rejoinder to criticisms by Messrs Backster, Gordon and Matte: A closer look at the evidence. Polygraph, 40(1), 35-44.

Krapohl, D.J. (2007). Rejoinder to criticisms by Matte: Closing comments. Polygraph, 40(1), 50-56.

Krapohl, D.J. (2009, May/June). Credibility assessment in the 21st Century. Communiqué: A Defense Intelligence Agency Publication, 22(3), 2-3.

Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W. (2001). Respiration line length. Polygraph, 30(2), 56-59.

Krapohl, D.J., McCloughan, J.B., & Senter, S.M. (2006). How to use the Concealed Information Test. Polygraph, 35(3), 123-138.

Krapohl, D.J. & Ryan, A.H. (2001). A polygraph primer for prosecutors. US Attorney’s Bulletin, 49(5), 40-48.

Krapohl, D.J., Ryan, A.H., & Shull, K. (2002). Voice stress devices and the detection of lies. Policy Review (International Association of Chiefs of Police/ National Law Enforcement Policy Center) 13(4), 1-4.

Krapohl, D.J., Stern, B.A., & Bronkema, Y. (2003). Numerical evaluation and wise decisions. Polygraph, 32(1), 2-14.

Krapohl, D.J., Stern, B.A. (2003). Principles of multiple-issue polygraph screening: A model for applicant, post-conviction offender, and counter-intelligence testing. Polygraph, 32(4), 201-210.

Krapohl, D.J., & Sturm, S. (2002) Terminology reference for the science of psychophysiological detection of deception. Polygraph, 31(3), 154-238.

Krapohl, D.J., & Vélez, Y. (2001). A polygraph technique for evidentiary applications. Polygraph, 30(1), 43-46.

Krapohl, D.J., & Trimarco, J.R. (2005). Credibility assessment methods for the new century. National Academy Associate, 7(1), 9-32.

MacLaren, V.V., & Krapohl, D.J., (2003). Objective assessment of comparison question polygraphy. Polygraph, 32(2), 107-126.

Stern, B.A., & Krapohl, D.J. (2004). The efficacy of detecting deception in psychopaths using a polygraph. Polygraph, 33(4), 201-213.

Case Studies

London, P.S., & Krapohl, D.J. (1999). A case study in PDD countermeasures. Polygraph, 28(2), 143-148.

Stern, B.A., & Krapohl, D.J. (2003). The infamous James Alphonso Frye. Polygraph, 32(3), 188-199.

Bibliographies

Krapohl, D.J. (1999). Annotated bibliography of the works of William J. Yankee, Ph.D. Polygraph, 28(4), 332-333.

Krapohl, D.J. (1999). Bibliography of surveys. Polygraph, 28(4), 334-335.

Krapohl, D.J. (2001). Bibliography of respiration and deception. Polygraph, 30(1), 60-61.

Krapohl, D.J. (2001). Bibliography of the writings of Fred E. Inbau. Polygraph, 30(2), 119-121.

Krapohl, D.J. (2001). Bibliography of habituation research. Polygraph, 30(4), 242-243.

Krapohl, D.J. (2004). Bibliography of nonverbal detection of deception. Polygraph, 33(1), 48-64.

Book Chapters

Krapohl, D.J. (2001). The polygraph in personnel screening. In M. Kleiner (Ed.) Handbook of polygraph testing. Academic Press: London.

Krapohl, D.J. (2011). Limitations of the Concealed Information Test in Criminal Cases. In Verschuere, Ben-Shakhar, and Meijer (Eds.) Memory detection: Theory and application of the concealed information test. Cambridge Press: New York

Electronic Publications

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Accommodating Special Needs. Instructional module included in in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Air Force Modified General Question Technique. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Analysis of Polygraph Data. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Concealed Information Test. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Demonstration Tests. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Directed Lie Screening Test. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Federal Zone Comparison Technique. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Impaired Drivers on Probation. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Law Enforcement Pre-Employment Technique. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Paired Testing. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Peak of Tension. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Silent Answer Test. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Test Question Construction. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Utah Probable Lie Test. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Working with Foreign Language Interpreters. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

Krapohl, D.J. (2010). Yes Test. Instructional module included in polygraph operating software of Lafayette and Limestone computer instruments.

WORKSHOPS

National Academy of Science Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences (BBCSS). Workshop on Field Evaluation of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences-Based Methods and Tools for Intelligence and Counterintelligence, September 22-23, 2009, Washington, DC. Invited presenter.

National Science Foundation and Office of Science and Technology.
Workshop on the Use of Autonomic and Somatic Measures for Security Evaluations, July 18-19 2005, Arlington, VA. Invited presenter.

Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation.
Polygraph Examiners Task Analysis/Item Writing Workshop, July 12, 2005, Richmond, VA. Invited contributor.

AWARDS

American Polygraph Association

President’s Award, 1999

John E. Reid Memorial Award, 2000, 2006

J.J. Heger Merit Award, 2001

Speaker Awards, Annually 1997 – 2008.

SELECTED PRESENTATIONS

American Polygraph Association

Frequency of Diagnostic Features. Denver, CO, 1996.

Comparable Thresholds for 3- and 7-Position Scoring. San Diego, CA, 1997.

Moderator: Voice Stress Analysis. Washington, DC, 1998.

Summary of Effect of the Spot Score Rule. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, 2000.

Courtroom Testimony. Boston, MA, 2000.

Techniques for Conducting Evidentiary Examinations. Indian-apolis, IN, 2001.

Scientific Investigation of Best Practices. Albuquerque, NM, 2002.

Principles of multiple-issue polygraph screening: A model for applicant, post-conviction offender, and counter-intelligence testing. Reno, NV, 2003.

Principles of polygraphy: What science says. With Dr. Frank Horvath. Orlando, FL. 2004.

The Concealed Information Test. Orlando, FL, 2004.

Relative efficacy of the Utah, Backster, and Federal scoring rules. Portland, MA 2004.

Polygraph Scoring Research. San Antonio, TX 2005.

Validated Techniques. Las Vegas, NV 2006.

Validated Testing Principles. Indianapolis, IN 2008.

South Carolina Association of Polygraph Examiners

Countermeasures. Myrtle Beach, SC. 2001.

North Carolina Polygraph Association

Chart Interpretation. Charlotte, NC. 1999.

Northwest Polygraph Examiners Association

Exclusionary versus non-exclusionary comparison questions. Leavenworth, WA. 2003.

American Association of Police Polygraphists

Concealed Information Technique. Austin, TX. 2002.

Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar

The Objective Scoring System. Baltimore, MD. 2000.

Latin American Association of Polygraphists

In Spanish: El Concepto del Total de Minutos en una Gráfica (The Total Chart Minutes Concept). Republic of Panama. October 2000.

In Spanish: Principios de Interpretacion de Graficas (Principles of Chart Interpretation). Mexico City. June 2007.

Singaporean Ministry of Defense

Best Practices: Validated Testing Techniques. Singapore, October 2007.

Canadian Association of Police Polygraphists

Best Practices: Principles of Multiple-Issue Screening. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. November 2007.

Validated Testing Principles. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. August 2009.